The Time Before History

The Time Before History The Time Before Cyril Bonin Babelio Non Seulement Ses Dessins Nous Envotent, Mais Ses Histoires Aussi Dcidment, Il A Tout Pour Lui La Lecture De The Time Before M A Rappele Celle De L Homme Qui N Existait Pas Les Deux Histoires The Time Before BDfugue The Time Before Est Un Rcit Superbement Orchestr Et Magnifiquement Mis En Scne Par Un Auteur Particulirement Talentueux Cyril Bonin S Empare D Un Thme Universel Pour Tisser Une Histoire Solidement Charpente Qui, Avec Finesse Et Subtilit, Entrane Le Lecteur Loin Des Sentiers Battus Time Before The The Time Before Bedetheque Nous Avions Beaucoup Aim Amorostasia , Voici La Dernire Bande Dessine De Cyril Bonin The Time Before C Est Histoire D Un Jeune Photographe Amricain Qui, Un Soir En Rentrant Chez Lui, Vient En Aide Un Vieil Homme Celui Ci, En Guise De Remerciement, Lui Offre Un Talisman Qui Lui Permet De Remonter Le Temps The Time Before, BD Coup De Coeur De Cyril Bonin Grand Angle The Time Before, BD Coup De Coeur De Cyril Bonin Grand Angle The Time Before Est Un One Shot Qui Nous Pousse La Rflexion Est Ce Que Si L On Avait Le Pouvoir De Retourner En Arrire Pour Changer Le Cours De Notre Vie, Cela Serait Il Toujours Une Bonne Chose Time Before Traduction En Franais Exemples AnglaisTraductions En Contexte De Time Before En Anglais Franais Avec Reverso Context A Matter Of Time Before, A Long Time Before, Before The Time, In Good Time Before, Before That Time In Due Time Before Traduction Franaise Linguee De Trs Nombreux Exemples De Phrases Traduites Contenant In Due Time Before Dictionnaire Franais Anglais Et Moteur De Recherche De Traductions Franaises Adverbs By The Time Before English By The Time X, Y Is Typically Used To Mean That Event Y Occurs Before X Example By The Time We Turned On The TV, The Movie Had Already Started This Means We Missed Some Of

Colin Tudge was educated at Dulwich College, 1954 61 and read zoology at Peterhouse, Cambridge, 1962 65 Since 1965 he has worked on journals such as World Medicine, New Scientist and Pan, the newspaper of the World Food Conference held in Rome, 1974.Ever since then he has earned a living by spasmodic broadcasting and a lot of writing mainly books these days, but with occasional articles He has

[KINDLE] ❂ The Time Before History ❆ Colin Tudge –
  • Paperback
  • 368 pages
  • The Time Before History
  • Colin Tudge
  • English
  • 17 February 2018
  • 9780684830520

10 thoughts on “The Time Before History

  1. says:

    I read this book so long ago but I think it s worth your attention nonetheless It s one of those non fiction reads that hasn t left me after all these years as it surfaces every now and then It was an epic read as I recall It covers many different fields and toward the end had some salient thoughts about future human history when looking at it from before human history It asks the question will there be humans millions of years in the future It s sort of mind boggling to think about what life on this planet will be like a million years from now and if humans will be part of the equation What, if anything, will survive from our time What kind of artifacts will future discovers dig up about us and what will they make of it or will anyone care to make anything of us at all Will we be thought of as some primitive species Will we and all our history, for the most part, become extinct Will we be forgotten or become some cautionary tale Will we even be thought of at all If we are thought of, will it be collectively or as individuals I mean, when reading this book, these are the kinds of things I thought about For all our glorification of man s achievements and objectification of other creatures, it would be somehow fitting if we were forgotten completely, as if we never existed All our grand adventures and discoveries and chasing after this or that in the end, lost to the trash heap of history When you look out on the universe, our planet is so insignificant It s so odd how our heads are so big when our place in the universe is so small There have been, what is it, five or six mass extinctions on our planet The last one, as we all know, was around 65 million years ago where than two thirds of all species were wiped out Where dinosaurs ruled the world before this mass extinction, humans now rule it But we are only the new kids on the block It s likely there will be another mass extinction that will wipe out 90 percent of all species Humans could be one of them will likely be one of them But that could be millions of years from now, unless we have the same kind of mass extinction that happened about 200 million years ago that likely involved climate change It s the meltdown we may be headed to sooner than later if we don t watch how much carbon dioxide we are releasing into the environment Sea levels rising should concern all of us It s not some hypothetical, it s real and we could make things worse sooner than later We probably weren t due for a mass extinction for tens of millions of years from now, yet we may have created our own wormhole on that count And we ve likely done it over the last 250 years since the advent of the industrial revolution Think about that America s history may run parallel to our doom It s such a short amount of time in the scheme of things and yet, in that short amount of time one creature has done harm to our planet than in any other time in history It takes your breath away when you look at it like that If we don t kill them all first, I ll bet sharks rule the world next I mean, some other creature will rule the world after humans, it might as well be sharks They have survived all other mass extinctions Well, look at them, they look positively prehistoric don t they They ve seen it all and then some Humans are just the latest blip on their radar Who knows, maybe some of our hazardous waste will be part of a cocktail that will evolve sharks out of the water, maybe into the air and onto land If that happens, all bets are off Even if they stay in the water, if all land masses are covered with water, they will be it If we don t make them go extinct first Humans are their own form of mass extinction when it comes to other creatures We have no shame in our game on that count I ve gotten completely off track here Let me just conclude by saying that this book covers a lot of material in a fair way as I recall In the end, the author leaves you with all the information and asks that the reader acknowledge what is at risk so that maybe humans play a positive role instead of a self destructive one If you are in San Diego, I donated my two copies of this book to the public library.

  2. says:

    I wasn t impressed with the writing in the first Tudge book I read, Trees The subject matter turned out to be fascinating I learned a great deal about trees, their impact on the environment, and their importance to the biosphere but the booked dragged on and on.This was not the case with The Time Before History, a terribly interesting look at human evolution and how it s impacted our environment and how it might impact it in the future.The first half of the book sets the stage, discussing how the environment works, how it changes over time, and the role of animals in regulating it Tudge makes one of the best defenses of evolutionary biology that I ve ever read, and there s a wealth of interesting information that I had not known before Vid I never knew that the upthrust of the Himalayas leached carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, causing a cooling effect an icebox world that forced the early hominids out of the deep jungle and into open forest lands.Tudge also makes the most understandable case for the transition from hunting gathering to farming that I ve ever seen Essentially, it was a combination of three factors 1 He argues that humans had been opportunistic cultivators for as much as 20 millennia before the Agricultural Revolution c 10,000 BC 2 the mass of land under cultivation reached a critical point where it was interfering with traditional hunting lands and 3 there was a climate shift that further reduced the availability of prey and made humans dependent on crops These factors tipped the balance permanently toward agriculture and was the key to as the Pentagon might say Man s full spectrum dominance of his environment From an individual point of view, farming sucks it s hard physical labor and subject to the fickle whims of uncaring Nature and if that weren t bad enough it ushered in an era of physical disability diseases, malnutrition, etc and social stratification all the ills of urban civilization we ve been trying to cope with since Sumer, at least From an evolutionary point of view, however, it gave our species the definitive edge over all others and it gave farmers as a group the edge over hunters, pushing them to the periphery.The last chapter of the book takes a look at where Man is headed in the next 500 1,000 years and a million Here I think Tudge is a bit optimistic He sees population topping out around 10 12 billion and then slowing falling back toward 5 6 billion over the next 5 centuries or so, and that in the long term, humanity and Earth will reach an equilibrium We re going to lose a lot biomass before things settle out but we ll survive it.To get there, though, he argues that we need to cultivate an economy of reverence rather than an economy of exploitation Exploitative economies have succeeded in the past because there s been vast scope for waste before the modern era, localities often exhausted their resources but overall there was scope for expansion and experimentation Today, the situation is far different and exploitation is a recipe for disaster there s no room to waste Of coures, we ve seen a move toward economies of reverence in the last few years but I m afraid it s the usual human reaction of too little, too late and our future is going to look a lot like Soylent Green than Star Trek.

  3. says:

    I have mixed feelings about this book One on hand, I very much enjoy Tudge s personality, sympathize with many of his opinions and his authorial predilections he has no qualms about speculating in areas in which he lacks technical expertise , and find the material very interesting On the other hand, I often felt like the book failed to live up to my expectations of it, that Tudge was simply doing a bland and mediocre job of telling the stories I feel that his tendency to organize things in lists and transparent outlines is a poor model for maintaining interest, and I skimmed many of the middle chapters, in which Tudge waxes poetic about his favorite Pleistocene mammal taxa I came into the book looking for precisely what he claimed to be providing a history of human social and biological evolution with a grander scope than is the norm, starting way back with the radiation of mammals in the Cenozoic, tracing our evolution through the emergence of primates and the convoluted, much debated path from proto primates to i homo sapiens i He examines the climatic and ecological conditions that shaped early hominids He goes on to discuss the potential ecological impacts of early humans chiefly the Pleistocene Overkill hypothesis , agriculture, and the modern industrial extinction event His speculations and observations are astute and interesting However, his ideas about the modern event fall a bit flat for some reason I guess I m used to much polemic writers He s sort of British in that sense he s rather melancholic, and pessimistic overall There is no urge for the reader to go out and do something to stop the killing I tend to think such a plea is in order, but I can see why he d not think that worthwhile I am pessimistic sometimes too Tudge includes a bevy of interesting scientific concepts and explains them all concisely and clearly This is an admirable accomplishment, and it makes the book a pleasure to read, since it s full of these little nuggets of interest These concepts range from the idea of an ecomorph to island dwarfism to climate change due to silicate weathering Tudge also does a very good job of presenting scientific conversations rather than scientific dogma a seemingly easy mistake to make in popular science writing, since while scientists know EVERYTHING is provisional and we really know very little with certainty, lay readers have come to use scientific discoveries to inform much of their worldview, and thus place much faith in its dictates Every hypothesis is presented as a product of named scientists, and the alternatives are always discussed in or less equal length Tudge makes clear which ideas he favors, but lays it all on the table for the reader to decide if he or she so chooses Yet overall there was something missing in this formula, though I can t quite place it It may not have taken enough liberties, may not have left enough out, to make a cohesive narrative.

  4. says:

    A few weeks ago during a lunch conversation a colleague mentioned something about Neanderthals having lived in Africa I was horrified by his getting such a simple fact wrong, but it then occurred to me that people have better things to do than reading about evolutionary anthropology However, if you don t want to make silly mistakes about the history of our species, this is the kind of book you should read.Tudge starts and ends the book by emphasizing that a true unit of time for history should be at least a million years, if we want to get a meaningful picture of how things have been and how they will be This book is than just the history of H sapiens It also illustrates how geology, climate, and atmosphere have been changing, and how they affected our history and evolution, and how beholden life in general is to unpredictable and uncontrollable large scale natural changes You can find some good discussions about climate change from 15 years ago, before the issue became too heated and political.

  5. says:

    Not so much a review as a note among his other perspicacious observations, Tudge argues that it was not humans competitiveness, but their ability to hunt in groups and communicate with one another that helped turn humans into apex predators A hunting band not only has strength in numbers, but can support itself while it follows wounded animals to the point where they finally drop dead There s a good reason why so many megafauna go extinct within a few centuries of humans introduction to a new biosphere Cooperation is very helpful, but we should not discount the importance of fire and projectile weapons, either see Alfred Crosby s THROWING FIRE 2002.

  6. says:

    This was not what I expected I thought it would be focused entirely on prehistoric humans, but humans didn t really make an appearance until halfway through the book But it was so entertaining and informative, I didn t mind at all Mr Tudge, I wish you lived nearby so I could take you out for drinks and a nice long chat Instead, I will read all of your books.

  7. says:

    Loved it, a complete reunderstanding of the descent of man and life on earth around him.

  8. says:

    I tried this book after talking to my girlfriend s dad one day, about whether he thought people had much to do with global warming I am interested in educated opinions about this, because I always thought it was weird how they teach us in school that there are ice age and warming Milankovitch cycles, and that they are a natural part of the world and one the other hand, we are always getting people screaming the ice is falling at the top of their lungs, and telling me it is my fault because I drive a pickup dirty hippies I was expecially interested in his opinion, because he is Dr Neil West, and spent 40 years as a Professor or Rangeland Studies at USU in Logan UT Surprisingly he mostly agreed with me, and suggested I give this book a read.It starts out interesting enough, with a very alternative view on the people we so often call ANCIENT The Egyptians, the Greeks, and the like It points out that they were in fact very modern, and riding at the head of an advanced and sophisticated culture It is easy for us to think of them as quaint because they didnt have ipads or wireless doo dads of questionable usefulness like we do But their technology and lifestyle were the culmination of all that came before and frankly MOST people alive today, would be hard pressed to imitate it if dropped off in the bush somewhere.That said, after a gripping premise, and a great setup that left me ready to hear all about US people the first half of the book jumps off the rails and goes on to talk about how people almost wiped out all life on earth with CFCs, and the varied and sundry forms of life that ran wild on the various continents before we arived on the scene Not BORING topics per se, but not what I signed on to read about Okay, and maybe just a little boring to endure for a full half of this book Sure it is interesting that all those different things lived, but I picked up a book about 5 million years of human impact, and the first HALF is talking about exstinct forms I really didnt follow the logic in this.Once the action moves on to us or our forebears, it actually turns into a LESS interesting read, as most of what is there, you probly have read before, and or is speculation with little or no science to back it It has it s points, and I dont know if my own expectations coming in had to do with my disappointment but it seems reasonable to me that if your premise is about our impact on the world, you might bring to bear than a speculative court case in which we are on trial for killing off extinct species In fairness, the author is better than most about admitting when he is speculating But it still felt a bit hollow to me Ecologies are complex, by the authors own admission, and to guess that people directly caused so many species to end without than the thin reasons presented is speciousThe final quarter is kinda of a pie in the sky pipe dream about how we can do all this stuff to keep species from going under including us That might be too harsh, but then again, it might not be.The things outlined will not happen, it is not in human nature to do such things as produce less, conserve , and be interested in the fate of anyone or any thing not on TV or in the movies.More people vote for American Idol than for president, and the trend isnt away from this type of vapidityAll that said, I liked this book, I just didnt REALLY like it, or love it Maybe if it was titled A BRIEF HISTORY OF EARTH AND WHAT I THINK PEOPLE NEED TO DO TO SAVE OURSELVES AND OTHERS, then at least going in I would have had a realistic feeling for what was coming.

  9. says:

    This is easily the best summary of evolution, ecology, and classification that I have encountered Tudge presents a balanced view by presenting all of the competing theories regarding such matters as continental drift, the evolution of various species, and the history of man during the millions of years previous to history He then synthesizes the various elements and brings out the implications on our current course as we will repeat ancient history too The last part of his book comes as somewhat of a surprise as he then argues adamantly for tight controls on population, conservation, and the environment The views are supported by the hypothesis that man has already destroyed much of Earth s fauna, but this still represents the arrogant perspective that we own evolution and nature Regarding the ideas themselves, I found much of it intriguing e.g it sparked ideas about object oriented simulation His combining the various theories on human evolution into an expanded candelabra hypothesis makes sense The modern refinements on classical evolution involve the addition of game theory species prevail over another by being better able to make it through hard times and thus gaining in territory There are also a good number of basic ecological principles expounded, regarding predators tending to hunt for their own size, carnivores having to take bigger risks, species numbering in proportion to their size Humans are presented as having come about because the swinging arms of apes were needed to be used in other ways once we came back to the ground to make tools and throw missiles According to Tudge, we are the ultimate generalists and that has meant worldwide success for us and the devastation of other species, including the giant sloths, mammoths, and baby elephants that were all allegedly still in North America at even the beginning of ancient history I can t close without touching on the declared impact of contintental drift, creating mountains and islands, causing the necessary separation of clades and joining around to the other side of the earth and providing explanation for the Biblical phenomena of floods The effect of the Himalaya s on the climate is not quite defended yet but is an interesting speculation The overkill hypothesis that we became completely dominant with farming, communication, roads, and tools is credible and leaves me in thought about whether such superiority does call for a better approach to active management.

  10. says:

    This book deals mostly with climate, climatic changes and human response to those changes over prehistory The author s goal is lofty, but he wishes to give the reader a deeper understanding through a widened perspective He also makes the point repeatedly that humans have outcompeted many of the other species on the planet, concluding that wherever we humans have gone, animals species especially large land animal have disappeared.According to the jacket blurb, author Colin Tudge has a degree in natural sciences from Cambridge University He paints in words a picture of the earth s processes forever in motion For example, the collision of the Indian subcontinent with mainland Asia raised the Himalayas and made the world an icebox roughly 40 million years ago Overall, his outlook seems dark, however, and the author speaks very strongly if less than optimistically for conservation and respect of the earth s bountiful but limited resources.One chapter on farming is titled The End of Eden Tudge maintains that what is often called the Agricultural Revolution was not quick, nor were people all that enthusiastic about becoming settled agriculturists It is hard work, with uncertain results Farming, in its early days, he says, seemed to offer very little advantage indeed In fact, and evidence suggests that is was ghastly Please read the rest of the review here.

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