,, 100 , review Goodreads Read this book and be changed From To A Million Soviet Troops Engaged In A Devastating War In Afghanistan That Claimed , Casualties And The Youth And Humanity Of Many Tens Of Thousands In Zinky Boys Journalist Svetlana Alexievich Gives Voice To The Tragic History Of The Afghanistan War What Emerges Is A Story That Is Shocking In Its Brutality And Revelatory In Its Similarities To The American Experience In Vietnam A Resemblance That Larry Heinemann Describes Movingly In His Introduction To The Book, Providing American Readers With An Often Uncomfortably Intimate Connection To A War That May Have Seemed Very Remote To Us The Soviet Dead Were Shipped Back In Sealed Zinc Coffins Hence The Term Zinky Boys , While The State Denied The Very Existence Of The Conflict Even Today The Radically Altered Soviet Society Continues To Reject The Memory Of The Soviet Vietnam Creating Controversy And Outrage When It Was First Published In The USSR It Was Called By Reviewers There A Slanderous Piece Of Fantasy And Part Of A Hysterical Chorus Of Malign Attacks Zinky Boys Presents The Candid And Affecting Testimony Of The Officers And Grunts, Nurses And Prostitutes, Mothers, Sons, And Daughters Who Describe The War And Its Lasting Effects Svetlana Alexievich Has Snatched From The Memory Hole The Truth Of The Afghanistan War The Beauty Of The Country And The Savage Army Bullying, The Killing And The Mutilation, The Profusion Of Western Goods, The Shame And Shattered Lives Of Returned Veterans Zinky Boys Offers A Unique, Harrowing, And Unforgettably Powerful Insight Into The Realities Of War And The Turbulence Of Contemporary Soviet Life I remember back in the 70s having to sit through long presentations regarding the Soviet Union and the military might thereof These briefings were given by American military personnel and the general theme was that the Soviet Union was an evil empire, armed to the teeth It seemed that they had endless munitions and hordes of personnel under arms, all of whom wanted our stuff They had no stuff in the Soviet Union, we were told, and they would be coveting our stuff, which we had in abundance Some of this propaganda had a grain of truth in it the Soviets were starved for consumer goods and they did have a lot of men under arms, but the weaponry was outdated and defective and the soldiery reluctant and usually coerced into service And while there was a shortage of consumer goods, even the most fashion conscious was unlikely to risk death for a pair of jeans Somehow the people doing the briefings neglected to mention that part In short, while the Soviet Union had enough punch to mess the world up considerably, they were extremely unlikely to start anything, military bombast notwithstanding.After the invasion of Afghanistan, I recall even anti Soviet propaganda One US based military magazine sought donations to purchase ammo for the mujahidin If I recall correctly, the slogan was Kill a commie for Mommy or some such blather I have often wondered if anyone ever contributed and, if so, whether any of the contribution actually made it to Afghanistan I guess what I m getting at with all of this preamble is that we were pretty much brainwashed into an intense dislike of all things Soviet.This book is the result of many personal interviews the author conducted with returned soldiers and civilians and also with the next of kin of those who were returned in zinc coffins, or zinky boys as they became known Alexievich has managed to put a human face on the Soviet soldier for me, and I have come to realize that soldiers are soldiers the world over Our governments start wars, and governments legislate soldiers into action whether the soldier likes it or not.In the case of the Russians, many of them were told that their intervention in Afghanistan prevented the takeover of the country by the USA, which was on the point of invading Many soldiers were told they were being airlifted to some other destination, only to find themselves in Afghanistan when the plane touched down Some volunteered for the job, as the bazaars in Afghanistan had consumer goods than the Soviet shops Ponder that for a moment a backwater like Afghanistan having produce than your home country Life was hard for these soldiers The Soviet army turned a blind eye to the constant hazing and abuse of recruits New soldiers were routinely robbed and beaten by the older soldiers or grandfathers An excerpt from a soldier s letter homeMum, buy me a puppy and call it Sergeant so I can kill it when I get homep.46 Even the female civilian employees were not free from abuse They volunteered for service some for patriotic reasons, some for the extra pay, and yet others for the shopping opportunities Whatever their motivation, they were universally assumed to have come hunting for men Sadly, many of them felt a need to take on a man as protection against the predations of others Better one devil you know than many you don t.Alexeivich has really been able to express the anguish and heartache of those who came back to a country that was so neglectful that Afghanistan casualties, Zinky Boys, were not allowed to be buried in the same section of a cemetery, like they were a collective dirty secret I won t even go into the sense of loss and betrayal expressed by grieving mothers who were never given adequate details regarding the death of their respective children In spite of this, the reaction to the author s work was mixed, and I leave you with this final quote from a call she receivedWho needs your dreadful truth I don t want to know it You want to buy your own glory at the expense of our sons blood They were heroes, heroes, heroes They should have beautiful books written about them, and you re turning them into mincemeatp.187 . PrologueFrom the Notebooks Boys in Zinc Post Mortem Boys in Zinc on Trial 26 2016http www.alriyadh.com 1550369 368 31 1948 2015 2016 26 1986 1979 1989. Maldito sejas, Afeganist o Rapazes de Zinco 1989 mais uma obra da escritora e jornalista bielorrussa Svetlana Alexievich n 1948 , galardoada com o Pr mio Nobel da Literatura em 2015 pela sua escrita polif nica, monumento ao sofrimento e coragem na nossa poca O seu projecto liter rio Vozes da Utopia congrega cinco obras A Guerra N o Tem Rosto de Mulher 1985 , As ltimas Testemunhas 1985 a ser editado em Portugal em 2017 , Rapazes de Zinco 1989 , Vozes de Chernobyl 1997 4 e O Fim do Homem Sovi tico 2013 4 e representa um novo g nero liter rio de n o fic o em que d voz aos intervenientes, num estilo documental conjugado a partir de entrevistas, numa prosa de invulgar concis o, dominada por uma sensibilidade desconcertante, sobre hist rias dram ticas e tr gicas que envolveram homens, mulheres e crian as, em in meros contextos geogr ficos, pol ticos e sociais Em Rapazes de Zinco a tem tica a guerra no caso espec fico a Guerra do Afeganist o 1979 1989 ou a Guerra Afeg Sovi tica na qual existiu o envolvimento militar directo das tropas da Uni o Sovi tica num contexto da Guerra Fria, onde assistimos mais uma vez, tal como j sucedera em outras guerras, ao dissimilar da mentira, a verdade nesta circunst ncia um conceito relativo neste caso espec fico, para os cidad os sovi ticos, as tropas tinham sido enviadas ao Afeganist o para trabalharem em projectos humanit rios e de constru o de infra estruturas, cumprindo se um dever enquadrado como ajuda internacional Rapazes de Zinco um livro cruel a guerra decorre no terreno, mas os mortos s o enterrados em segredo, dentro dos famigerados caix es de zinco um relato a v rias vozes de mulheres, m es e esposas vi vas, e de ex combatentes, sobre os jovens, homens e mulheres, que ou n o regressaram vivos ou dos que regressaram vivos, retornam como outras pessoas numa guerra que durou quase dez anos, com mais de quinze mil mortos e mais de quatrocentos e cinquenta mil feridos e doentes, e que deixou um rasto destrutivo, na minha perspectiva, mais individual do que colectiva, gerando comportamentos e atitudes irremediavelmente dominadas pelo dio das pessoas ex combatentes e outros cidad os que no regresso t m a percep o da mentira e da inutilidade de uma guerra que acabou perdida contra as for as da guerrilha afeg s Svetlana Alexievich em Rapazes de Zinco confere, igualmente, um enquadramento sinistro entre as rela es de militares e das mulheres civis, voluntariadas para servir e socorrer, e que rapidamente se v em enredadas em exig ncias sexuais implac veis ou da indiferen a burocr tica decorrente dos que s o enviados mortos nos caix es de zinco sem que possam ser rapidamente entregues s fam lias ou sequer que possam abrir os caix es ou do desespero e do calv rio dos que regressam, marginalizados e exclu dos como p rias da sociedade os afgan Percebi que aqui ningu m precisa de n s N o interessa o que pass mos desnecess rio, inc modo E n s tamb m somos desnecess rios, inc modos Acordo de manh e fico contente se n o me lembro do que sonhei N o conto os meus sonhos a ningu m, mas eles regressam Sempre os mesmos P g 197 198 No final de Rapazes de Zinco h uma sec o dedicada aos v rios julgamentos e s v rias ac es intentadas por um grupo de m es de combatentes mortos no Afeganist o e por ex militares contra Svetlana Alexievich Rapazes de Zinco um livro implac vel sobre o horror e o inferno da Guerra do Afeganist o 1979 1989 ou da Guerra Afeg Sovi tica. .
Svetlana Alexievich was born in Ivano Frankivsk, Ukraine, in 1948 and has spent most of her life in the Soviet Union and present day Belarus, with prolonged periods of exile in Western Europe Starting out as a journalist, she developed her own distinctive nonfiction genre, which gathers a chorus of voices to describe a specific historical moment Her works include War s Unwomanly Face 1985 , Las
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- Цинковые мальчики
- Svetlana Alexievich
- 20 July 2019 Svetlana Alexievich